GCERT STD 1 to 8 Poem | Gujarati kavita Std. 1 to 8 | Gujarati Poem Std. 6 to 8 | Poem Std 1 to 8
GCERT STD 1 to 8 Poem When an investor buys and holds an individual stock or bond, the investor must pay income tax each year on the dividends or interest received. But the investor won’t have to pay any capital gains tax until he or she actually sells and unless he or she makes a profit. Mutual funds and ETFs are somewhat different. As with an individual stock, when an investor buys and holds mutual fund or ETF shares the investor will owe income tax each year on any dividends received. In addition, the investor will also owe taxes on any personal capital gains in years when an investor sells shares.
Gujarati kavita Std. 1 to 8 However, unlike with an individual stock, an investor may also have to pay taxes each year on the mutual fund’s or ETF’s capital gains even if the mutual fund or ETF has had a negative return and the investor hasn’t sold any shares. That’s because the law requires mutual funds and ETFs to distribute any net capital gains on the sale of portfolio securities to shareholders. ETFs are typically more tax efficient in this regard than mutual funds because ETF shares are frequently redeemed in-kind by the Authorized Participants. This means that an ETF may deliver specified portfolio securities to Authorized Participants
Gujarati Poem Std. 6 to 8 who are redeeming creation units instead of selling portfolio securities to meet redemption demands. The selling of portfolio securities could otherwise result in taxable capital gains to the ETF that would typically be passed through to the retail investor. Nevertheless, the tax efficiency of ETFs is not relevant if an investor holds the mutual fund or ETF investment in a tax-advantaged account, such as an IRA or a 401(k).SEC rules require mutual funds and ETFs to disclose in their prospectuses after-tax returns.
Poem Std 1 to 8 In calculating after-tax returns, mutual funds and ETFs must use standardized formulas similar to the ones used to calculate before-tax average annual total returns. A fund’s after-tax returns are discussed in the “Investments, Risks and Performance” section of the prospectus. When comparing mutual funds and/or ETFs, be sure to take taxes into account.
Gujarati kavita Std. 6 to 8 Mutual funds must provide a copy of the fund’s prospectus to shareholders after they purchase shares, but investors can—and should—request and read the mutual fund’s prospectus before making an investment decision. There are two kinds of prospectuses: (1) the statutory prospectus; and (2) the summary prospectus. The statutory prospectus is the traditional, long-form prospectus with which most mutual fund investors are familiar. The summary prospectus,
Kavita MPwhich is used by many mutual funds, is just a few pages long and contains key information about a mutual fund. The SEC specifies the kinds of information that must be included in mutual fund prospectuses and requires mutual funds to present the information in a standard format so that investors can readily compare different mutual funds.The same key information required in the summary prospectus is required to be in the beginning of the statutory prospectus. It appears in the following standardized order: statutory prospectus, including financial highlights information.
An ETF will also have a prospectus, and some ETFs may have a summary prospectus, both of which are subject to the same legal requirements as mutual fund prospectuses and summary prospectuses. All investors who purchase creation units (i.e., Authorized Participants) receive a prospectus. Some broker-dealers also deliver a prospectus to secondary market purchasers. All ETFs are required to deliver a prospectus upon request and without charge, and the prospectus .
The SAI explains a mutual fund’s or ETF’s operations in greater detail than the prospectus—including the mutual fund’s or ETF’s financial statements and details about the history of the mutual fund or ETF, its policies on borrowing and concentration, the identity of officers, directors and persons who control the mutual fund or ETF, investment advisory and other services, brokerage commissions paid on portfolio securities transactions, tax matters, and performance such as yield and average annual total return information. If an investor asks, the mutual fund or ETF must send an SAI.
Kavita MP3 The back cover of the mutual fund’s or ETF’s prospectus should contain information on how to obtain the SAI.A mutual fund also must provide shareholders with annual and semi-annual reports within 60 days after the end of the fund’s fiscal year and 60 days after the fund’s fiscal mid-year. These reports contain updated financial information, a list of the fund’s portfolio securities, and other information. The information in the shareholder reports will be current as of the date of the report (that is, the last day of the fund’s fiscal year for the annual report, and the last day of the fund’s fiscal mid-year for the semi-annual report).
STD 1 to 8 Poem Download A mutual fund’s or ETF’s past performance is not as important as one might think. Advertisements, rankings, and ratings often emphasize how well a mutual fund or ETF has performed in the past. But studies show that the future is often different. This year’s number one mutual fund or ETF can easily become next year’s below average mutual fund or ETF.For mutual funds and ETFs, be sure to find out how long the fund has been in existence. Newly created or small mutual funds or ETFs sometimes have excellent short-term performance records.
Peom STD 1 to 8 Because newly created mutual funds and ETFs may invest in only a small number of stocks, a few successful stocks can have a large impact on their performance. But as these mutual funds and ETFs grow larger and increase the number of stocks they own, each stock has less impact on performance. This may make it more difficult to sustain initial results.
Primary School Poem While past performance does not necessarily predict future returns, it can tell an investor how volatile (or stable) a mutual fund or ETF has been over a period of time. Generally, the more volatile a fund, the higher the investment risk. If you will need your money to meet a financial goal in the near-term,
Poem GCERT you probably can’t afford the risk of investing in a fund with a volatile history because you will not have enough time to ride out any declines in the stock market. For index mutual funds and index ETFs, remember that these funds are designed to track a particular market index and their past performance is related to how well that market index did.